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Copyright & Fair Use

How to use this page

This page is designed to help Hamline University faculty, students, and staff understand when and how to apply FAIR USE exceptions in teaching, learning, and scholarship.

Since its inception, the United States has enacted and updated copyright laws to protect the rights of authors and to promote creativity in the arts and sciences. Hamline University complies with current law (Title 17, U.S. Code), which nurtures and protects the academic output of our community and promotes the ethical use of information. The University expects Hamline faculty, staff, and students to determine in good faith the legal and ethical validity of using or sharing copyrighted material.

The University recognizes and supports the Limitations of Exclusive Rights outlined in Sections 107 and 108 of the Copyright Act and, therefore, prohibits only the use of copyrighted material NOT covered by exemptions for libraries and archives, fair use, explicit permission, or appropriate licensing. Use includes  duplicating, sharing, posting, performing, uploading, or otherwise distributing works.

Section 107 of the Copyright Act lists four factors to consider when determining FAIR USE:

  • Purpose and Character
  • Nature
  • Amount and Substantiality
  • Market Effect

Bush Memorial Library wants to help you navigate copyright. To get started, please refer to this page from Columbia University’s Copyright Advisory Office, as well as the Fair Use Checklist. For further assistance, please contact your library liaison.