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CLICsearch Background Information/Reference

To find background information, do a search, then filter by...
Resource Type > Reference  Entries> Apply

Reference Sources

Usually general encyclopedias, like Encyclopedia Britannica, come up first.  But then, you'll usually see a variety of more scholarly and subject-specific encyclopedias that provide different contexts for your topic.

For example, a search a on new media Includes these results:

  • Encyclopedia of Gender in Media
  • Encyclopedia of Social Movement Media
  • Encyclopedia of Communication Theory

Articles in special encyclopedias that are especially valuable when starting a research project include:

  • history
  • overview
  • major theories 
  • major scholars
  • bibliography of selected/recommended items.

Excerpts from the entry New Media, by Kathleen M. Endres in the Encyclopedia of Gender in Media [Sage Knowledge database [online]:

  • "New media is a fluid term. Today, it means the convergence of traditional media, including film, music, audio, and video, with the interactive power of the computer, cell phone, and other computer- and Internet-enabled gadgets. Tomorrow, the definition may shift as new technologies emerge and others fall from favor."
  • The new media model of self-directed labor (self-employment, said to represent the future of work) has ramifications for women who work in the industry, but few scholars have examined the situation from a gender perspective.
  • "Women have been excluded from the design and development of the computer hardware and software that make new media possible. Moreover, women have not been involved in the design and development of key new media Websites, specifically Myspace, Facebook, YouTube, and Wikipedia."

CLICsearch Books

To find books, do a search, then filter by... 
Resource Type >  Books

To limit the books to those shelved at Hamline, add the filter...
Show Only >  Available at Hamline

To limit the books to eBooks, add the filter...
Show Only > Full Text Online

The CLIC Consortium

As part of the Hamline community, you have borrowing privileges at the following libraries: 

  • Bush Library:  Borrow and Renew
  • MnPALS Partner Libraries:  
    • Bethel University and Seminary Libraries
    • Concordia University
    • St. Catherine University Libraries
    • University of Northwestern
    • University of St. Thomas Libraries 

To search for books in the Hamline and CLIC libraries, use HamCAT.  

To have items from the MnPALS partner libraries delivered to Hamline for you, either use the "request" feature in HamCAT or visit the library in person and use your Hamline ID to check materials out.  Due to COVID-19, MnPALS Partner Libraries are discouraging students from other campuses to physically visit another school's library. Please use the delivery system and speak to a librarian about your needs. 

Due to COVID-19, Deliveries between MnPALS Partner Libraries are happening twice weekly, on Mondays and Thursdays when classes are in session, Questions about using materials?  Contact the Central Service Desk (CSD) at 651-523-2373.

CLICsearch Articles

To find articles, do a search, then filter by... 
Resource Type >  Articles

OR, To limit to Scholarly/Peer reviewed articles, select...
Show Only > Peer Reviewed Journals

To limit the articles to those that are Full Text online, add the filter... 
Show Only > Full Text Online

Find Articles

Off-campus Access: If you're off-campus when you click on the database, you'll need to login with your Hamline username and password.  More information.