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APA (7th) Citation Style Guide

Internet and Social Media

Template

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of page. Website. http://xxxxx

General copyright dates are not sufficient to use as the publication date. If no creation or publication date is given, use n.d. If the author and website are the same, omit the website.

Example: Author, No Date

Corcodilos, N. (n.d.). Keep your salary under wraps. Ask the Headhunter. http://www.asktheheadhunter.com/hasalary.htm

Example: Corporate Author

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2010). Facing down PTSD, vet is now soaring high. http://www.mentalhealth.va.gov/featureArticle_Feb.asp

Note: "If the wii does not provide permanent links to older/archived versions, you will need to provide the URL and retrieval date."

Template

Title of entry. (Year, Month Day). In Wiki Name. http://xxxxx

Example:

Constitution of the United States. (2019, October 7). In Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Constitution_of_the_United_States&oldid=920036236

Example:

Hinduism (2008). In Citizendium. Retrieved February 4, 2020, from http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Hinduism

Template

Author, A. A. [username]. (Year, Month Day). Title of video [Video]. Website. http://xxxxx

Example: Full Name

Jones, P. [patrickJMT]. (2009, October 24). Easily memorize the unit circle [Video]. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch

v=03McKEg9ASA


Example: User Name Only 

Lukey B, The Physics G. (2016, January 24). What is Physics? [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/yWMKYID5fr8


Example: TED Talk  
Note: If citing from the TED website, list the speaker as the author. If citing from YouTube, list TED (or the account) as the author and include the speaker's name in the title.

Gavagan, E. (2012, April). A story about knots and surgeons [Video]. TED Conferences.

https://www.ted.com/talks/ed_gavagan_a_story_about_knots_and_surgeons

Template

Author. (n.d.). Home [Facebook page]. Facebook. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from http://xxxxx

Example

MN Gardeners. (n.d.). Home [Facebook page]. Facebook. Retrieved January 25, 2020 from

https://www.facebook.com/groups/159470087562428/

Template for a Twitter Profile

Author, A. A. [@twittername]. (n.d.). Tweets [Twitter profile]. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from http://xxxxx

Example:

Tyson, N. G. [@neiltyson]. (n.d.). Tweets [Twitter profile]. Twitter. Retrieved October 8, 2019, from https://twitter.com/neiltyson


Specific Tweet

If you cite a particular post ('tweet'), you must cite it in the References page; you can follow the example and guidelines below.

  • Include the Twitter username as written (be it a name or an organization).

  • You do not need to include the time, simply the day and year.

  • Since tweets are limited to 140 characters, you should include the entire text, including URLs.

  • The URL should be for the specific tweet, not the entire feed.

  • Replicate emojis if possible.

  • If an image or video are included, add square brackets before the Tweet indication.

Template

Author, A. A.. [@twittername]. (Year, Month Day). Full text of tweet [Image attached/Thumbnail with link attached/etc] [Tweet]. Twitter. http://xxxxx

Example: 

Obama, B. [@BarackObama]. (2009, July 15). Launched American Graduation Initiative to help additional 5 mill. Americans graduate college by 2020: http://bit.ly/gcTX7 [Tweet]. Twitter. http://twitter.com/BarackObama/status/2651151366

Example:

Tyson, N. G. [@neiltyson]. (2019, July 15). I love the smell of the universe in the morning [Image attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/neiltyson/status/1179714452553420802

Template

Author, A. or ScreenName. (Year, Month Day). Title of blog post. Blog Title. http://xxxxx


Example 1: Screen Name

Dr. (2009, August 17). 1909: Madanlal Dhingra, Indian revolutionary. ExecutedToday.com.

http://www.executedtoday.com/2009/08/17/1909-madanlal-dhingra-indian-revolutionary/

Example 2: Full Name

Nielson, L. (2020, January 25). Accessibility for Everyone - A Book to Help Educators Create Content. The

Innovative Educator. https://theinnovativeeducator.blogspot.com/2020/01/accessibility-for-everyone

book-to-help.html

Template

Author, A. A. [@username]. (Year, Month Day). Text of caption [Photograph(s)/Video(s)]. Instagram. http://xxxxx

Example:

Bush Library [@bushlibrary]. (2017, November 28). Ready for Finals? [Photograph]. Instagram.

ttps://www.instagram.com/p/Ao2uFPgAx2b/