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APA (7th) Citation Style Guide


If you are citing a direct quotation from a film, you can use the time stamp in place of a page number within the in-text citation. Note: If the edition of the film you used is important, such as a special extended edition, include that in the brackets.


Director, A. A. (Director). (Year). Title of video [Film]. Production Company.


Wilson, T. (Director). (2001). To the Limits [Film]. Netflix; Vestibule Productions; Arc Light Productions.


Washington, V. (Director). (1942). Dalliance [Film; director's cut on DVD]. Litmus Productions; Aloha Productions; Purple

Bridge; Tannis Company; K Street Productions; Outside Entertainment.


Artist, A. A. (Year). Title of song [Song]. On Title of album. Label. (Original work published Year).

Artist, A. A. (Year). Title of album [Album]. Label. (Original work published Year).


Muddy Waters. (1961). Blues will last [Song]. On This Blues Century. Chess.


Springsteen, B. (1975). Born to run. Columbia.


Writer, A. A. (Writer), & Director, B. B. (Director). (Year, Month Day). Title of episode (Season X, Episode X) [TV series episode]. In C. C. Executive Producer (Executive Producer), Title of TV Show. Production Company.


Moffat, S. (Writer) & Macdonald, H. (Director). (2007, June 9). Blink (Season 3, Episode 10) [TV series episode]. In R. T. Davies

(Executive Producer), Doctor who. BBC Studios.

It is preferable to locate a speech in a retrievable source (e.g. in a book, website, video, etc.), and then cite that source.

Example: Book

Safire, W. (Ed.). (1997). Lend me your ears: Great speeches in history. W.W. Norton.

Example: Transcript on the Internet

The Avalon Project. (n.d.). I have a dream by Martin Luther King, Jr; August 28, 1963. Yale Law School.

Example: YouTube Video

EDM is LIFE. (2017, January 6). I have a dream speech full video - Martin Luther King, Jr [Video]. YouTube.

Example: Audio Recording

King, M. L., Jr. (1963, August 28). I have a dream [Speech audio recording]. American Rhetoric.


Host, A. A. (Host). (Year, Month Day). Episode title (No. XX)  [Audio podcast episode]. In Title of podcast. Production Company. http://xxxxx


Lime, H. (Host). (2012, July 24). The Third Man (No. 11) [Audio podcast episode]. In Joseph Cotton Lab. Selznick PR.